Basically, my research has focused on the development and application of diverse analytical tools in order to solve problems associated with forest management


Research Lines


  • Multicriteria decision making
  • Forest management
  • Wood-based industries
  • Forest economics
  • Forest valuation
  • Non-wood forest products
  • Carbon sequestration and forest management




I belong to the Research Group “Economics for a Sustainable Environment”, being head of this Group since June 2011.

The research has been conducted in the framework of diverse international (3) and national projects (18)





  • Publications


Papers published in Journals included in ISI Web of Knowledge Expanded


50) Calleja, A.; Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Iglesias-Merchan, C.; Soliño, M., 2017 Acoustic and economic evaluation of soundscape: An application to 'Retiro' Urban Forest Park. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening (accepted).


49) Campos, P.; Caparrós, A.; Cerdá, E.; Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Herruzo, C.; Huntsinger, L.; Martín-Barroso, D.; Martínez-Jáuregui, M.; Ovando, P.; Oviedo, J.L.; Pasalodos-Tato, M.; Romero, C.; Soliño, M.; Standiford, R.B., 2017 Multifuntional natural forest silviculture economics revised: Challenges in meeting landowners' and society's wants. A review. Forest Systems 26: (in press).


48) Belavenutti, P.; Romero, C.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2017 A critical survey of optimization methods in industrial forest plantations management. Scientia Agricola (in press).


47) Pasalodos-Tato, M.; Almazán, E.; Montero, G.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2017 Evaluation of tree biomass carbon stock changes in Andalusian forests: Comparison of two methodologies. Carbon Management 8: 125-134.


46) Diaz-Balteiro, L.; González-Pachón, J.; Romero, C., 2017. Measuring systems sustainability with multi-criteria methods: A critical review. European Journal of Operational Research 258: 607-616.


45) Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Alonso, R.; Martínez-Jáuregui, M.; Pardos, M., 2017. Selecting the best forest management alternative by aggregating ecosystem services indicators over time: A case study in Central Spain. Ecological Indicators 72: 322-329.


44) Ovando, P.; Caparrós. A.; Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Pasalodos-Tato, M.; Beguería, S.; Oviedo, J.L.; Montero, G.; Campos, P., 2017. Spatial valuation of forests' environmental assets: An application to Andalusian silvopastoral farms. Land Economics 93: 85-106.


43) Hernández-Rodríguez, M.; Martín-Pinto, P.; Oria-de-Rueda, J.A.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2017. Optimal management of Cistus ladanifer shrublands for biomass and Boletus edulis mushroom production. Agroforestry Systems 91: 663-676.


42) Ezquerro, M.; Pardos, M.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2016. Operational research techniques using for addressing biodiversity objectives into forest management: An overviewForests 7, 229.


41) Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Alfranca, O.; Bertomeu, M.; Ezquerro, M.; Giménez, J.C., González-Pachón, J.; Romero, C., 2016. Using quantitative techniques to evaluate and explain the sustainability of forest plantations. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 46: 1157-1166.


40) Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Alfranca, O.; González-Pachón, J.; Romero, C., 2016. Ranking of industrial forest plantations in terms of sustainability: A multicriteria approach. Journal of Environmental Management 180: 123-132.


39) Iglesias-Merchan, C; Diaz-Balteiro, L. De la Puente, J., 2016. Road traffic noise impact assessment in a breeding colony of cinereous vultures (Aegypius monachus) in Spain. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 139: 1124-1131.


38) Iglesias-Merchan, C; Diaz-Balteiro, L. Soliño, M., 2015. Transportation planning and quiet natural areas preservation: Aircraft overflights noise assessment in a National Park. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 41: 1-12.


37) Alfranca, O.; Voces, R.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2015. Influence of climate and economic variables on the aggregated supply of a wild edible fungiForests 6: 2324-2344.


36) Pereira, S.; Prieto, A.; Calama, R.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2015. Optimal management in Pinus pinea L. stands combining silvicultural schedules for timber and cone productionSilva Fennica 49 (3): article id 1226.


35) Aldea, J.; Martínez-Peña, F.; Romero, C.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2014. Participatory goal programming in forest management: An application integrating several ecosystem servicesForests 5: 3352-3371.


34) Klauberg, C.; Vidal, E.; Rodriguez, L.C.E.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2014. Determining the optimal harvest cycle for oleoresin production of copaíba (Copaifera spp.)Agricultural Systems 131: 116-122.


33) Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Martell, D.L.; Romero, C.; Weintraub, A., 2014. The optimal rotation of a flammable forest stand when both carbon sequestration and timber are valued: a multicriteria approachNatural Hazards 72: 375-387.


32) Alfranca, O.; Voces, R.; Herruzo, A.C.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2014. Effects of the innovation on the European wood industry market structureForest Policy and Economics 40: 40-47.


31) González-Pachón, J.; Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Romero, C., 2014. How to combine inconsistent ordinal and cardinal preferences: A satisficing modelling approachComputers and Industrial Engineering 67: 168-172.


30) Iglesias Merchan, C.; Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Soliño, M., 2014. Noise pollution in national parks: soundscape and economic valuationLandscape and Urban Planning 123: 1-9.


29) Díaz Balteiro, L.; Alfranca, O.; Voces, R., 2013. Mercado de Lactarius deliciosus. Modelización de la oferta en España [Market of Lactarius deliciosus. Modelling the supply in Spain]ITEA 109: 370-389.


28) Iglesias-Merchan C.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2013. Noise pollution mapping approach and accuracy on landscape scalesScience of the Total Environment 449: 115-125.


27) Giménez, J.C; Bertomeu, M.; Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Romero, C., 2013. Optimal harvest scheduling in Eucalyptus plantations under a sustainability perspective. Forest Ecology and Management 291: 367-376.


26) Diaz-Balteiro, L.; González-Pachón, J.; Romero, C., 2013. Goal programming in forest management: customizing models for the decision-maker's preferences. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 28: 166-173.


25) Aldea, J.; Martínez-Peña, F.; Diaz-Balteiro, L., 2012. Integration of fungal production in forest management using a multi-criteria method. European Journal of Forest Research 131: 1991-2003.

24) Voces, R.; Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Romero, C., 2012. Characterisation and explanation of the sustainability of the European wood manufacturing industries: a quantitative approach. Expert System with Applications 39: 6618-6627.

23) Voces, R.; Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Alfranca, O., 2012. Demand for wild edible mushrooms. The case of Lactarius deliciosus in Barcelona (Spain). Journal of Forest Economics 18: 47-60.

22) Diaz-Balteiro, L.; Voces, R.; Romero, C., 2011. Making sustainability rankings using compromise programming. An application to european paper industry. Silva Fennica 45: 548-554.

21) Voces, R., Diaz-Balteiro, L., López-Peredo, E., 2010. Spatial valuation of recreation activities in forest systems: Application to province of Segovia (Spain). Forest Systems 19: 36-50.

20) Diaz-Balteiro L., Bertomeu M., Bertomeu M., 2009. Optimal harvest scheduling in Eucalyptus plantations. A case study in Galicia (Spain). Forest Policy and Economics 11: 548-554.

19) Diaz-Balteiro, L., González-Pachón, J. Romero, C. 2009. Participatory decision-making with multiple criteria: A methodological proposal and an application to a public forest in Spain. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 24: 87-93.

18) Bertomeu, M., Diaz-Balteiro, L., Gimenez, J.C., 2009. Forest management optimisation in Eucalyptus plantations: A multicriteria approach. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 356-366.

17) Alfranca O., Diaz-Balteiro L., Herruzo C., 2009. Technical innovation in Spain's wood-based industry: the role of environmental and quality strategies.Forest Policy and Economics 11: 161-168.

16) Voces R., Herruzo A.C., Díaz Balteiro L., 2008. Caracterización de la innovación tecnológica en la industria forestal española [Technical innovation in Spain’s forestry industry]. Investigación Agraria. Sistemas y Recursos Forestales 17: 282-296.

15) Herruzo, A.C., Diaz-Balteiro L., Calvo X. 2008. A measurement of geographic concentration in Spain’s wood- based industry. Forest Products Journal 58: 54-60.

14) Diaz-Balteiro, L., Romero, C., 2008. Making forestry decisions with multiple criteria: A review and an assessment. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3222-3241.

13) Bravo F., Bravo-Oviedo, A., Diaz-Balteiro L., 2008. Carbon sequestration in Spanish Mediterranean forests under two management alternatives: A modeling approach. European Journal of Forest Research 127: 225-234.

12) Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2008. Valuation of environmental goods: A shadow value perspective. Ecological Economics 64: 517-520.


11) Diaz-Balteiro L., 2007. Letter to the Editor. Journal of Forest Economics 13: 291-292.

10) Martínez M., Díaz Balteiro L., 2007. La industria forestal en España. Aspectos productivos, organizativos y medioambientales. Investigación Agraria. Sistemas y Recursos Forestales 16: 182-196.

9) Rodriguez L.C.E., Diaz-Balteiro L., 2006. Régimen óptimo para plantaciones de eucaliptos en Brasil: un análisis no determinista. Interciencia 31: 739-744.

8) Diaz-Balteiro, L., Rodriguez, L.C.E., 2006. Optimal rotations on Eucalyptus plantations including carbon sequestration - a comparison of results in Brazil and Spain.Forest Ecology and Management 229: 247-258.

7) Diaz-Balteiro L., Herruzo C., Martínez M.; Gonzalez-Pachon J., 2006. An analysis of productive efficiency and innovation using DEA: An application to Spain’s wood-based industry. Forest Policy and Economics 8: 762-773.

6) Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2004. In search of a natural systems sustainability index. Ecological Economics 49: 401-405.

5) Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2004. Sustainability of forest management plans: A discrete goal programming approach. Journal of Environmental Management 71: 349-357.

4) Bravo F., Diaz-Balteiro L., 2004. Evaluation of new silvicultural alternatives for Scots pine stands in Northern Spain. Annals of Forest Science 61: 163-169.

3) Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2003. Forest management optimisation models when carbon captured is considered: a goal programming approach. Forest Ecology and Management 174: 447-457.

2) Romero C., Ríos V., Diaz-Balteiro L., 1998. Optimal forest Rotation age when carbon captures is considered: Theory and Applications. Journal of the Operational Research Society 49: 121-131.

1) Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 1998. Modelling Timber Harvest Scheduling Problems with Multiple Criteria by Multigoal Programming: An Application in Segovia, Spain. Forest Science 44: 47-57.





Other papers (English language only)

*Voces R., Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2010 In search of a European paper industry ranking in terms of sustainability by using binary goal programming. Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 638: 141-149.

*Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2003. Carbon captured as a new instrument in forest management: Some implications. Scientia Forestalis 63: 13-23.

*Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2001. Forest management and carbon captured: Analytical aspects and policy implications. Investigación Agraria. Sistemas y Recursos Forestales Fuera de Serie nº1: 153-165.





Books and chapters of books (English language only)


*Diaz-Balteiro L., Rodriguez L.C.E., 2017. Influence of carbon sequestration in an optimal set of coppice rotations. In Bravo, F., LeMay, V., Jandl, R., von Gadow K. (eds) "Managing forest ecosystems: the challenge of climate change, 2nd Ed.", Springer, Berlin, pp. 187-204.


*Borges J.G, Diaz-Balteiro L., McDill M.E., Rodriguez L.C.E. (Eds.) 2014. The Management of Industrial Forest Plantations. Theoretical Foundations and Applications. Springer.

Chapters in this book:


*Trashobares A., Palahí M., Marey M., Diaz-Balteiro L., 2014. Computer-based tools for supporting forest management in Spain. In Borges J.G., Nordström E.-M.,  Garcia-Gonzalo, J., Hujala T., Trasobares A. (Eds.). Computer-based tools for supporting forest management. The experience and the expertise world-wide. Dept of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Umeå. Sweden. (503 pages), pp. 383-402.


*Diaz-Balteiro L., Rodriguez L.C.E., 2008. Influence of carbon sequestration in an optimal set of coppice rotations. In Bravo, F., LeMay, V., Jandl, R., von Gadow K. (eds) "Managing forest ecosystems: the challenge of climate change", Springer, Berlin, pp. 113-130.

*Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2007. Multiple criteria decision making in forest planning: recent results and current challenges. In: Weintraub A., Bjorndal T., Epstein R., Romero C. (eds.) "Handbook on Operations Research in Natural Resources", Springer, New York, pp. 473-488.

*Diaz-Balteiro L., Romero C., 2001. Combine Use of Goal Programming and the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Forest Management. In: Schmoldt D., Kangas J., Mendoza G., Pesonen M. (eds.) "The Analytic Hierarchy Process in Natural Resources and Environmental Decision Making" Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, pp- 81-95.




  • Some indicators


  1. PhD dissertations supervised: Margarita Martinez (2005); Roberto Voces (2011); Carlos Iglesias-Merchán (2014); Juan Carlos Giménez (2015)
  2. Citations to these publications in JCR journals: more than 700
  3. h Index: 14
  4. Citations in Google Scholar
  5. Reviewer for the following Journals: Agricultural Systems, Annals of Forest Science, Annals of Operations Research, BioResources, Bosque, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Canadian Journal of Soil Science, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Ecological Economics, Ecological Indicators, Environment Science and Policy, Environmental Conservation, Environmental Management, Environmental Modelling and Software, European Journal of Forest Research, European Journal of Operational Research, Forest Ecology and Management, Forest Policy and Economics, Forest Science, Forest Systems, Forests, International Forestry Review, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, Journal of Environmental Management, Journal of Forest Economics, Journal of Forestry Research, Land Use Policy, Madera y Bosques, Madera: Ciencia y Tecnología, Natural Resource Modeling, New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, Omega, Operations Research, Oxford Development Studies, Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, Science of the Total Environment, Scientia Agricola, Scientific Reports, Silva Fennica, Southern Forests, Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, Sustainability, TOP, Transportation Research Part D.
  6. External Examiner for Ph.D. candidatesUniversity of Joensuu (Finland), University of Helsinki (Finland), Universidad Nacional del Sur (Argentina), Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de Las Villas (Cuba), Universidad de Alcalá de Henares (Spain), Universidad de Cádiz (Spain), Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain), Universidad de Córdoba (Spain), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), Universidad Rovira i Virgill (Spain), Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Universidad de Valladolid (Spain).